One-year-olds have an improved sense of objects, their permanence and their use. They know that things and people exist behind closed doors. They will move one object aside to get at another. They try to take things apart to see what’s inside. They may use one toy as a tool to reach another. They can recognize that an object is upside down and turn it rightside-up.
The ability to imitate others develops at this age. This is a useful skill that helps your baby as he learns to talk, feed himself, and even laugh. One-year-olds are able to match words to concepts, for example, to identify simple objects in a book. If you ask, “Where’s the ball in this picture,” your child can now point to the ball. She can also form a mental picture of something she cannot see. For example, she can imagine her shoes and then go look for them if you ask her too.
The concept of cause and effect is further understood during this period as your toddler continues to learn that certain actions bring about predictable responses from you: If she drops a toy, you pick it up. If she reaches upward, you pick her up.
How Your Toddler LearnsYour child is learning through a combination of methods, from the sensual to the higher level techniques of problem-solving. Each learning experience, as always, is built on other learning, and now, with so much accumulated knowledge as a base, his ability to learn is explosive. Primarily, your toddler learns by: