Hydrating adequately before, during, and after workouts is hugely important for the safety of pregnant women and their babies.
But if the idea of gulping down even more water each day sounds like a chore to you, you'll be comforted to know that what you eat can help you stay hydrated as well.
Research has shown that most adults get about 25% of their fluid intake from foods containing water. We'll give you some tasty snack options to enjoy before and after exercise that can help you stay hydrated and replenish nutrients.
"Focus on a good sources of carbs for energy," says Erin Palinski-Wade, RD, author of Belly Fat Diet for Dummies. If you'll be doing intense cardio, avoid very high-fiber snacks before a workout or foods rich in protein or fat as these slow digestion and can lead to cramping or indigestion when working out.
Give yourself time to digest: Finish eating your snack 30 minutes before a workout, 60 minutes if you're suffering from nausea or morning sickness.
Going to a yoga class? Palinski-Wade says she'd recommend avoiding carbonated beverages, high acid foods (citrus fruits, tomatoes), and anything high in fat/protein right before your class to prevent heartburn, indigestion, and nausea while exercising in various poses.
Keep your pre-exercise snack to about 200 calories and include 15 grams of carbs for every 30 minutes of aerobic exercise. That's equal to one medium piece of fruit, 4 oz of juice, 8 oz of milk, one slice of bread, or 6 oz of a sports drink. Palinski-Wade says fruit is a great warm-weather snack option because it's rich in carbs and water.
We know you're already thinking watermelon when it comes to hydrating foods, but don't forget about these high-water content fruits: cantaloupe, strawberries, raspberries, apples, pineapple, blueberries and peaches.
"Don't drink sodas or juice during a workout—they have higher concentrations of sugar per ounce which may lead to cramping," says Palinski-Wade. She recommends an electrolyte-rich beverage like coconut water (without added sugars or artificial ingredients) because it contains five essential electrolytes and re-hydrates in a way water can't before and after a workout.
Refuel with a balanced meal or snack in the 200- to 250-calorie range within 30 minutes of exercise. It should include at least one to two servings of carbohydrates (like whole grains and fruits/veggies), protein, and at least one serving of fat.
"The fruits and whole grains will help replenish glycogen (carbohydrate) stores that were used during the workout, and the lean protein will help repair the microscopic muscle tears that occur during exercise," says Amy Jamieson-Petonic, RD, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Spokesperson. "Research has shown that only a small amount of protein is needed to do this, around 10 grams, she says.
Remember that lots of veggies are rich in water content so feel free to round out your other favorite post-workout snacks with raw celery, carrots, cucumbers, spinach, peppers, radishes and zucchinis for low-cal options that'll fill you up!