Planning on Having an Epidural? Read This First!
For years there have been the two camps of mamas-to-be: Those who want a completely natural birth, free of all drugs, and those who can't get an epidural fast enough. Now French researchers who've studied pregnant mice are suggesting that there is a link between women getting an epidural during childbirth and their children developing autism.
The reason being that when you're given an epidural, it is blocking your body's natural release of oxytocin—which helps your uterus contract; is considered the love hormone because it helps you bond with your baby post-birth; and serves as a diuretic, reducing chloride levels. According to the Independent, chloride ions are kept deliberately high in the neurons of the fetus while developing in the womb. But in a natural birth the mother's production of oxytocin lowers the chloride levels quickly during labor. In the pregnant mice studied, when the oxytocin was blocked similarly to what an epidural does, chloride ions continue to remain high after birth, leading to developmental brain disorders and autism.
However, the study doesn't answer what happens when synthetic oxtytocin, called pitocin, is introduced into the system. Pitocin is usually given to a woman to help induce labor, either because she is past her due date or the doctor thinks the labor needs to be sped up in order to have a safer delivery.
Another recent study sings the praises of inducing a pregnancy (which is when a doctor gives you medicine like pitocin, or other drugs, to artificially start or speed up your contractions) as a major way to stave off the need for a C-section. Though this is contrary to a British study from two years ago that said the use of pitocin doesn't lower the risk of a Cesarean section. Their findings stated that the use of pitocin sped up labor by about two hours, but that it did not lessen the need for a C-section or increase the number of unassisted births.
Meanwhile, an anxiety-inducing study was also recently published in the journal, JAMA Pediatrics, that says inducing a pregnancy can increase a child's chance of having autism. Researchers say the method used to kick-start the labor process likely doesn't cause the autism, but it comes from a larger underlying problem with the pregnancy. Studies have found that children are at higher risk for autism if they are born early or very small; if they are in medical distress during delivery; if they have older mothers or fathers; or if they are born less than a year after an older sibling. Autism risk also goes up if a mother has diabetes or high blood pressure; is obese; is exposed to significant air pollution during pregnancy; had low levels of folic acid; or makes antibodies toxic to the fetal brain.
So what's a pregnant woman to do? Freak out, it seems! And of course, talk to your doctor, read up as much as you can, and make informed decisions about what's right for you. Epidural or no epidural? To induce or not to induce?
TELL US: Are you planning on having an epidural? Why or why not? If your child has autism, did you have an epidural? Please share your stories below.
Image of woman with newborn courtesy of Shutterstock.
My elder son was born with epidural . I took it because I was stupid, immature and insane . He cud not latch properly after birth . In few days he got addicted to bottles and I cud not BF him ever . He did not have ADHD or autism. But since beginning he showed major delay in language and speech . Though he was able to speak lot but after 4-5 years his pick up was slow . He don’t have any sensory or behaviour issues. But he has low IQ. My entire family and my husbands family is full of intellectual learned people. We never had any such history ever . Plus my pregnancy was fully healthy and birth was also good . Then how come on earth my child can get learning disabilities and language issues???? I have researched a lot and I m so sure it’s all due to epidural only . I took it at 4 cm dilatation and lasted for 10 hours . I regret it . I still cry . In USA the medical system have no mercy . My extremely experienced doctor never informed me about possible risks . I wud say even if there is 0.0001% chance of any developmental issues why on earth epidurals are allowed and practiced in USA . I moved back to India and I see the ration of such things are extremely low here .government need to stop epidurals .Read More