I was assaulted when I was 12 and no one in my family knew how to help. Here are five ways parents can talk to their kids about their bodies and consent.

By Jennifer Storm
November 13, 2020
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When I was 12 years old, I was assaulted—and I had no idea how to deal with the storm of emotions brewing inside of me.

No one in my family knew how to help or respond to me either. They stayed quiet while I suffered in silence. My parents, both of whom had been abused as children, were never given any tools to help them heal. Desperately trying to avoid their own pain from their untreated abuse and trauma, dealing with mine was too painful for them.

With a family history of addiction, it was no surprise that I turned to drugs and alcohol to quell my pain. When children are traumatized and hurting, they tend to act out. They often lack the verbiage to explain what is happening inside. Drugs helped me numb out and forget the pain. But in reality, all they did was prolong the pain—and add to it.

I don't think that people intended to deal with my rape in the way that they did. I think it's just that they had no other skill sets or tools to utilize to help me. But I am often asked and wonder, would it have been different for me if a trauma-informed person had been in my life at that time? Could they have kept me from the 10 years of horror I experienced? I think so. Had someone spoke to me in a way that eliminated shame and did not make me feel guilty and scared, I may have sought help sooner. I may have found healing from the additional trauma I experienced and the suicide attempts that followed.

A "trauma-informed" approach is one that aims to understand behavior—not label it, blame someone, or accidentally shame them. Telling people that it's OK to not feel OK, sharing with them that they are not alone, and telling them that you believe them are all powerful ways to offer a young person a safe space to navigate confusion around trauma.

Thankfully, today, we live in a society that has cracked open important conversations around abuse and assault. Today, victims of sexual violence do not need to suffer in silence as I once did. But that doesn't mean that conversations about these topics are easy. They are hard—especially when you become a parent, but I've already started these discussions with my 5-year-old son.

Maya Angelou has a beautiful saying that I often return to: "Do the best you can until you know better. Then when you know better, do better." Our children cannot do better until they are taught better—and neither can we as parents.

Here are my tips to have age-appropriate conversations with children about their bodies, consent, emotional regulation, and coping.

Engage at the Right Times

After being raped, I remember it felt like my brain was able to lock those memories away. They only came out in fits and spurs, in flashbacks and nightmares. I could not access feelings and place them next to the events that happened to me. Children are resilient and their brains have an incredible way of protecting them, but this can also make intervention a challenge.

So, when you need to ask more probative questions, engage children when they are playing or during physical activity. A child's brain and development are different and direct questioning does not always work, especially if you're trying to get them to open up about something scary, fear-inducing, or traumatizing.

Sometimes, if a child's brain is already engaged with coloring, drawing, or shooting hoops, it can be easier for them to talk about topics that are more emotionally overwhelming. Ask questions, let them know you love them, that you are always willing to hear anything, and that you will never judge them or shame them for anything they have to share.

Normalize Talking About Hard Things

When raising a child, pepper in prevention education throughout your conversations so your child knows the right terminology for their body and they understand who is allowed to touch them and who is not. Do this while changing diapers, during potty training, and at the doctor's office as they grow up. Just make quick, matter-of-fact statements since they might not tolerate or entertain a long conversation.

In our home, we teach our son a song and dance where we sign, "stop" and say, "Don't touch me there." We put a hand out in a stop sign. "This is my no-no square," we say, and "draw" a square around their lower body. Then we discuss how his body is his and no one is allowed to touch him without his permission. We tell him that only a doctor or parent should touch his genitals and even then, that is only for a quick cleaning or examination and there should always be another trusting adult in the room.

Provide Resources

One of the hardest jobs as a parent is knowing that often, we are not the ones our children will turn to when they need to talk or want to ask questions. So, in normalizing the conversations around engaging tough topics be sure to give them plenty of resources and acknowledge that you know it may feel odd for them to speak to you about whatever they need help with. Tell them that this is OK and give them some alternate names, places, and entities who they can speak to, including trusted friends, family, or hotlines.

Teach Healthy Coping Strategies

If we can build resiliency in our children and teach them to feel feelings while normalizing trauma in a way that gives them space to talk, feel, heal, and deal, then they are less likely to reach for negative coping mechanisms such as drugs and alcohol. So often, negative coping comes from a lack of effective coping strategies.

We encourage our son to use his words and give him permission to be mad or sad by being there for him when he cries. We also teach him to use tools such as mediation, deep breathing, and walking away when he is overwhelmed. In other words, we normalize common emotions by making him feel supported instead of isolated and we teach him how to process emotions in a way that makes him feel better.

By giving children healthy coping tools, you are building a foundation for them when they have hard feelings. You are giving them ways to process emotions without them wanting to escape.

Offer Support Through the Ups and Downs

These strategies, while well-intended, may not always work. Children and young people may still turn to drugs, alcohol, or other negative coping mechanisms. If they do, let them know that you are there for them, that you support them, and stress the resources that are available to them.

This way, your child will grow up with options—and options are huge when dealing with trauma and addiction.

Jennifer Storm is an award-winning victim’s rights expert, advocate, and best-selling author of multiple books. She has over 20 years of experience in victim’s right advocacy. For more information about Jennifer Storm, visit jenniferstorm.com. Connect with her on FacebookTwitter, and Instagram.

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