May 25, 2005—Could getting your child to eat breakfast help him maintain a healthier weight and do better in school?
A group led by researchers at the University of Florida reviewed 47 nutrition studies and concluded that yes, children and adolescents who ate breakfast had superior overall diet quality, consumed more daily calories but were less likely to be overweight, had better mental functions, and had better school attendance records than those who skipped the morning meal.
Why would eating breakfast possibly improve your child's grades? The researchers suggested several possible reasons: It may modulate short-term metabolic responses to fasting, cause changes in neurotransmitter concentrations, or simply remove the distracting physiological effects of hunger. Therefore, the report's authors recommend children and adolescents consume a healthy breakfast—at home or at school—on a daily basis.
The report, which appears in the May issue of The Journal of the American Dietetic Association, also cites that breakfast should include a variety of foods high in nutritive value without providing excess energy.
"To maximize the potential benefits of breakfast consumption, it is important to distinguish between simply promoting breakfast vs. the consumption of a healthful breakfast," the researchers wrote in the study.
The review notes breakfast consumption should be encouraged in groups who may be more likely to skip breakfast: older children and adolescents, especially teenage girls, and possibly black and Hispanic children.
Also, children who tend to skip breakfast because of a lack of time in the morning should eat breakfast either at school or on their way to school. Many breakfast foods can be consumed while on the go, like dry cereal, whole-grain toasts or bagels, 100% juices in a to-go container, and fresh fruit, the study notes.
Among the other recommendations that the study makes for breakfast habits in kids: