6 Easter Egg Science Experiments for Kids
Smarten up your annual Easter tradition with these easy, educational egg dyeing ideas.
1. Create Natural Dyes
Chop up a veggie or use a spice and place it in a pot with water and white vinegar as indicated on this page. Bring to a boil, reduce the heat, and simmer on low for 30 to 45 minutes. Let cool, then strain the dye into a bowl. Place hard-boiled eggs in the dye bath, cover, and refrigerate for a few hours (or overnight for a deeper color). Gently swirl the bowl occasionally for even coating. Remove eggs and let dry on paper towels.
The Stem Lesson
Plants are full of pigments (aka colors) that get released as the plants sit in water, resulting in a natural dye.
4 cups water + 2 cups yellow onion skins (from about 6 small onions) + 2 Tbs. white vinegar
4 cups water + 2 cups chopped red cabbage + 2 Tbs. white vinegar
4 cups water + 4 cups grated or chopped beets + 2 Tbs. white vinegar
4 cups water + 2 Tbs. ground turmeric + 2 Tbs. white vinegar
2. Send Hidden Messages
Before dyeing, draw or write on eggs with an oil-based marker (Sharpie Oil-Based Paint Marker). Let dry a few minutes. Then dye your eggs and wait for the messages or illustrations to appear. We don’t recommend snacking on these!
The Stem Lesson
This experiment shows how an oil-based marker resists the molecules in a water-based dye. You can use a wax crayon instead, but the effect won’t be as pronounced.
Use this resistance technique to surprise your kids. Spell out the location of a hidden treat by writing one letter of the mystery spot on each egg. Have the kids dye the eggs to make the characters appear, then have them figure out what word the letters form.
3. Make Volcano Eggs
In a small bowl, mix together 2 or 3 Tbs. baking soda, 6 to 10 drops food coloring, and just enough drops of water to get a slightly runny paste consistency. Spoon some baking soda–dye mixture onto an egg. To create the chemical reaction, dribble 1 or 2 Tbs. vinegar over the egg and watch the color bubble down.
The Stem Lesson
Chemical reactions occur when two or more substances form a new substance. In this experiment, vinegar is added to baking soda, and bubbles are produced. Since something new (the bubbles) is made, a chemical reaction has occurred!
Three more experiments—no additional supplies required!
Place an egg in a small bowl of dye made with a ratio of 15 drops of food coloring and 2 tsp. white vinegar to 1 cup of water. Remove the egg after a quick dip. Add a second egg, removing after 30 seconds, then a third, removing after one minute, and so on. Note how the color changes with time.
Make two bowls of the recipe above, leaving out the vinegar (an acidic substance) from one. Place an egg in each bowl for one minute and then compare them. Vinegar attracts dyed water to the egg’s protein shell, making it easier for color to stick. FYI: Other acids, like lemon juice, can do this too!
Mix 1 cup water, 2 tsp. white vinegar, and 5 drops food coloring. Submerge an egg in the solution and let sit for one minute. Remove and note the shade. Add 5 more drops of food coloring, then add a fresh egg. Let sit for one minute. Repeat the process, adding 5 drops at a time, to see how the amount of dye intensifies the color of the eggs.
This article originally appeared in Parents magazine as 'Science-y Easter Eggs.'