Home Health Parents News Now Antibiotics Could Save Thousands of Malnourished Children Antibiotics Could Save Thousands of Malnourished Children By Holly Lebowitz Rossi January 31, 2013 Advertisement Save Pin FB More Tweet Email Send Text Message Print shutterstock_74065864 30153 The studies, in Malawi, led by scientists from Washington University in St. Louis, reveal that severe malnutrition often involves more than a lack of food, and that feeding alone may not cure it. The antibiotic study found that a week of the medicine raised survival and recovery rates when given at the start of a longer course of a tasty "therapeutic food" made from peanut butter fortified with milk powder, oil, sugar and micronutrients. Malnourished children are prone to infections, and the drugs — either amoxicillin or cefdinir — were so helpful that researchers said medical practice should change immediately to include an antibiotic in the routine treatment of severe malnutrition. "This is ready for prime time," said Dr. Indi Trehan, an author of the study. The study was published Wednesday in The New England Journal of Medicine. The senior author is Dr. Mark J. Manary, an expert on malnutrition and one of the pioneers in using the fortified peanut butter, which researchers say has saved countless lives. Because of the results, the World Health Organization expects to recommend broader use of antibiotics in guidelines on treating malnutrition that are to be issued next month, said Zita Weise Prinzo, a technical officer in the group's nutrition department. A week's worth of drugs costs only a few dollars, so governments and donors are likely to accept the idea, researchers say. Image: Empty hands, via Shutterstock By Holly Lebowitz Rossi Save Pin FB More Tweet Email Send Text Message Print Comments Add a Comment Be the first to comment! No comments yet. Advertisement Close this dialog window Add a comment Antibiotics Could Save Thousands of Malnourished Children Add your comment... Cancel Submit Success! Thanks for adding your feedback.