As COVID-19 spreads throughout the world, there are a lot of unknowns. Here are some basic, easy ways to lower your family's chances of getting the coronavirus.

By Nicole Harris
Updated July 07, 2020

Check the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and's COVID-19 Guide for up-to-date information on statistics, disease spread, and travel advisories.

If you’re a parent, you’re probably glued to news coverage of the coronavirus (and the disease it causes, COVID-19). It has spread to nearly every country, sickened more than 11.6 million people, and caused at least 537,700 deaths. There’s also been 2,958,050 confirmed cases—the most in the world—and 130,332 deaths in America. 

It’s natural for parents to worry, but fortunately, experts say your child isn’t likely to contract the coronavirus without known exposure to the disease—which is why social distancing is so important. And even if your kid does develop the coronavirus, it probably won’t be severe or life-threatening. Confirmed cases in children tend to have mild symptoms, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Even so, it’s important to be prepared. Here are seven ways to lower your family's chances of getting the coronavirus.

Practice social distancing.

The coronavirus is a respiratory illness like the cold or flu. Contaminated droplets from coughs or sneezes can travel up to six feet, and they can infect people by entering their eyes, nose, or mouth. New reports also suggest that airborne transmission may be possible through breathing and exhaling. This is especially scary considering that COVID-19 may be asymptomatic, and it can also spread before people show any symptoms, according to the CDC. It's vital to practice social distancing standards set in place by the government. Stay at least six feet away from others, and avoid high-traffic places where transmission is more likely. 

Be cautious in public places.

Despite social distancing orders, people can still travel for essential purposes like grocery shopping. Make sure to take all necessary precautions. For example, you can wipe the grocery cart handle with a disinfectant wipe and avoid direct contact with cashiers. Read more about grocery shopping during a pandemic here.

Consider wearing a mask.

The CDC suggests wearing a cloth face mask "in public settings where other social distancing measures are difficult to maintain, especially in areas of significant community-based transmission." Always wear a mask in public if you don't feel well, since the barrier could block your infected droplets from contaminating others. It's also important to wear a mask if you're at a higher risk for serious cases of COVID-19 (for example, if you're older than 65 or have a compromised immune system, though masks are not recommended for children under 2). Opt for cloth or paper masks over N95 respirator masks, which should be reserved for health care workers.

Disinfect your home and belongings.

According to a March 2020 study from National Institutes of Health, CDC, UCLA, and Princeton University scientists, the coronavirus may be able to survive for three hours in the air, four hours on copper, 24 hours on cardboard, and two to three days on stainless steel and plastic. That's why it's important to sanitize key things in your home—such as your countertops after placing grocery bags on them—to lower your chances of getting the coronavirus. Check out this list of other things to clean ASAP to prevent getting sick.

Teach your kids not to touch their faces.

If bacteria-ridden droplets get into a child’s nose or mouth, he can become sick with the disease, says Miryam Wahrman, Ph.D., biology professor and director of the microbiology research lab at William Paterson University and author of The Hand Book: Surviving in a Germ-Filled World. Encourage your kids to avoid touching their faces in public.

Make sure kids wash their hands

The best way to lower your chances of getting the coronavirus is practicing proper hand hygiene, so teach your kids how to wash their hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Make sure they clean up before eating, whenever you return from being in public, and before touching their eyes, nose, and mouth. You can also use hand sanitizer with at least 60 percent alcohol in a pinch, according to Dr. Wahrman. (Hand sanitizer has sold out in many places, though. Check out our guide for making your own kid-friendly version).

Use caution when traveling.

The White House temporarily banned all travel from Europe, and the CDC now recommends avoiding all nonessential international travel. Check out the latest guidelines and recommendations, and use your discretion before embarking on a trip. You'll need to weigh the benefits against the risk, says Dr. Wahrman, since an outbreak in your area or the area where you're traveling to could occur at any time. If you do travel by plane, avoid people who look sick, wash your hands often, and disinfect communal items like tray tables.

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