Best Sperm Donor Banks for Prospective Parents Looking for Support

Sperm banks are a reliable resource that help plenty of people become parents. Here are the best banks out there.

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Young Couple with Doctor In A Consultation
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The path to parenthood doesn't usually look exactly like we plan it. Sometimes, there are challenges or circumstances that require would-be parents to seek professional assistance, which can include anything from IVF to adoption to surrogacy. For prospective parents seeking sperm, a sperm bank is a medical facility that collects, screens, and stores sperm for use in fertility treatments.

They’re most often used by people who wish to get pregnant but who do not have a partner with sperm, or when the partner with sperm is experiencing fertility issues. They’re also sometimes used to store the sperm of someone who wants to preserve their fertility, such as those who are undergoing medical procedures that can impact fertility, like cancer treatment, or those who work in a high-risk occupation.

The best sperm banks are those that offer a wide selection of sperm from donors who have been screened for infectious diseases and meet the preferences of the person or couple who will be using the sperm. To help you choose the best fit for your needs, we’ve rounded up our top picks for the best sperm banks.

Best Sperm Donor Banks of 2022 

01 of 07

Best Overall: Cryos

Cryos International logo

Cryos International 

Key Specs

  • Average cost: Prices start around $120 per vial not including storage, shipping or other fees
  • Family unit limits: No, though some countries have limits 
  • Insurance accepted: No

Why We Chose It

Based in Denmark with locations and shipping options around the world, Cryos has the world's largest selection of both sperm and egg donors.

Pros & Cons

Pros
  • Ships worldwide

  • Can search database with just an email address

  • Prioritizes customer service 

Cons
  • High prices for donor information and extras such as genetic matching 

  • International shipping can be expensive

Overview

Cryos International is home to the world's largest selection of both sperm and egg donors. People interested in purchasing sperm from Cryos will be pleased with the selection, the customer service experience, the additional purchasing options, and the wealth of information on the Cryos blog

Searching for the perfect donor can feel like a big task, but Cryos makes it easier by allowing you to search and filter based on your preferences with a no-obligation account that just requires an email address and a password to set up. Once you create your account, you can view full donor profiles with extras like childhood photos, voice recordings, handwritten notes, and more. As you browse, you can save your favorite donor profiles to revisit later.

Beyond finding a sperm or egg donor, you can count on Cryos to walk you through the process and make sure that you understand everything you need to know about using a sperm donor.  It’s easy to request a no-obligation consultation with a representative who will help you understand the process and guide you toward the best next steps for your family. You can schedule online chats or calls from anywhere in the world. 

You’ll also find information about all things sperm donation and fertility on the Cryos blog, a great starting place for anyone looking into conceiving via sperm donation. 

Cryos’ hub is in Denmark, but it has locations around the world and ships internationally. Shipping can become expensive depending on where you live, and, like most sperm banks, Cryos does not take insurance. Getting information about prospective donors can also be costly. 

02 of 07

Most Diverse Donor Bank: California Cryobank

California Cryobank logo

California Cryobank

Key Specs

  • Average cost: Prices start at $1195 per vial with extra charges for shipping and donor information 
  • Family unit limits: Yes, the number depends on the country in which you live
  • Insurance accepted: No

Why We Chose It

California Cryobank offers prospective parents numerous options as they search for a sperm donor within its diverse database.

Pros & Cons

Pros
  • Diverse donor bank 

  • Free storage for extra vials

  • Very selective with donors; only 1% accepted

Cons
  • Must pay to view donor profiles

  • More expensive than some other options

Overview  

If you’re looking for a donor with specific characteristics, like ethnicity, educational background, or height, chances are the California Cryobank has what you need. This company has the most diverse donor bank when it comes to race, ethnicity, and background, according to its website. It’s also highly selective, with less than 1% of donor applicants accepted. Each donor must pass a rigorous assessment to donate and be willing to share the details that help people feel comfortable and confident using the sample they provided to conceive—such as childhood photos, a donor essay, and a complete medical profile. 

People who use California Cryobank also tend to be happy about the options for those who wish to have more than one child. The Family Today option provides one year of free storage with the purchase of four or more vials of sperm, and the Family Tomorrow program offers free storage for three years with the purchase of eight or more vials. 

While you’ll find high quality and diverse donors with California Cryobank, you will have to pay to search and see any information. You can choose a 90-day subscription that allows you to browse information on all donors (beyond their donor profile, medical history, and personal essay) starting at $145, or purchase profile extras like childhood photos, an extended profile, or a facial features report starting at $25 each.

Overall, California Cryobank is more expensive than many others but does offer some of the highest quality, diverse options in the industry. 

03 of 07

Best for Genetic Testing: Seattle Sperm Bank

Seattle Sperm Bank

Key Specs

  • Average cost: Prices start at $850 per vial, not including shipping and storage
  • Family unit limits: 25 
  • Insurance accepted: No

Why We Chose It

The Seattle Sperm Bank goes above and beyond when it comes to genetic testing, with advanced carrier testing that screens for 175 conditions and personal genetic counseling.

Pros & Cons

Pros
  • Large and diverse bank of donors to choose from

  • Advanced genetic testing and counseling options

  • All access pass to donor information available

Cons
  • More expensive than some options

  • Storage fees not included

Overview  

The Seattle Sperm Bank is known as one of the most established and trusted sources of sperm in the United States. With a focus on helping people create the family of their dreams, it offers clients extensive genetic testing and counseling, in addition to a variety of information about a donor's appearance and personality. Genetic testing is important because it can help ensure that families create the healthiest embryos possible. Fertility treatments are also expensive, so making sure that sperm is screened for genetic issues can increase the likelihood of success. 

All donors are subjected to advanced carrier testing that screens for 175 genetic conditions. Purchasing clients are then offered comprehensive genetic counseling to ensure they choose a donor who suits their needs and is likely to produce a baby who does not have a genetic condition. 

Prospective parents are also generally interested in less scientific data about potential donors. For just $50 for three months, you can become an all-access member and peruse the full profiles of every donor in the database. These profiles include baby photos, audio interviews, personality test results, and more. 

The Seattle Sperm Bank is slightly more expensive than some options, though it does offer information and instruction for at-home insemination, which could reduce your overall fertility expenses. The service also charges for storage beyond the first month, which can increase costs if you purchase multiple vials. 

04 of 07

Best for LGBTQIA+ Communities: Fairfax Cryobank

Fairfax Cryobank logo

Fairfax Cryobank

Key Specs

  • Average cost: Prices start at $715 per vial, not including storage, shipping, and extras
  • Family unit limits: Yes, 25 in the U.S. and 15 internationally 
  • Insurance accepted: No

Why We Chose It

Fairfax Cryobank has a long history of supporting LGBTQIA+ families and a bank of resources to help prospective parents get started.

Pros & Cons

Pros
  • High-quality, personalized support

  • Very selective donor process with less than 1 in 200 donors accepted

  • Fairfax Facematch allows you to select a donor by how they look

Cons
  • Full information on donors requires membership

  • Does not accept insurance

Overview 

The team at Fairfax Cryobank is known for supporting LGBTQIA+ people as they seek to grow their families. Its client services team is knowledgeable, sensitive, and supportive and its website includes video diaries from queer couples becoming parents through sperm donation, blogs specifically for LQBTQIA+ people, and testimonials from a range of new parents. 

Fairfax also knows how important the donor selection process is. This is why it goes above and beyond to help you find a donor that meets all of your needs. You can expect high-quality, personalized support when you speak with a team member, and they will remain available throughout your donor sperm selection process. 

The Fairfax Facematch software allows you to upload a picture of yourself, your partner, or even a celebrity and identify lookalike donors within the database. You’ll also be able to search by different features and priorities to help you find just who you are looking for. 

While the client services team is very helpful, you will have to purchase a membership or buy access to different pieces of donor profiles a la carte in order to find out more personal details. Silhouette photos, personality type, and adult photo sets will all require membership or additional fees. 

Once you’ve selected your donor, you can expect the client services team to give you all the information and support you need to move toward the next step of your fertility journey. 

05 of 07

Best for Transparent Pricing: XYTEX

Xytex Cryo International logo

Xytex Cryo International

Key Specs

  • Average cost: Prices start at $625 per vial not including shipping, storage, and extras; bundle pricing is available
  • Family unit limits: Yes, though the number is unstated
  • Insurance accepted: No

Why We Chose It

XYTEX has a comprehensive pricing page that includes details on every type of sample, storage and shipping fees, and available extras such as detailed donor information and multiple vial packages.

Pros & Cons

Pros
  • Transparent pricing

  • Packages available

  • Mid-range cost is lower than many companies

Cons
  • Shipping can be expensive

  • No insurance coverage

Overview

XYTEX has been helping families grow through sperm donation since 1975. XYTEX has four locations in Georgia and one in North Carolina, and offers international shipping for those who live outside the country. 

XYTEX’s website has a pricing page that is more comprehensive than many other companies. It shares information about the different types of sperm vials and the exact cost for each. Additionally, the company shares shipping and storage costs and bulk package pricing and is transparent about the cost of other fertility treatments that may be associated with sperm donation, such as intrauterine insemination or in vitro fertilization. 

Sperm can be purchased by the individual vial, in multiple vials, or in packages that include storage and shipping. Bundle packages also offer a 50% buy-back option so that you can feel comfortable purchasing sperm to keep on reserve until you have completed your family. 

While its prices are not the lowest on this list, they are mid-range, and the quality and trustworthiness of the company make it a top pick. 

06 of 07

Best for Willing-to-Be-Known Donors: Pacific Reproductive Services

Pacific Reproductive Services

Pacific Reproductive Services 

Key Specs

  • Average cost: Starting at $504 per vial, not including shipping, storage, and extras 
  • Family unit limits: Yes, there is a family limit of 15
  • Insurance accepted: No

Why We Chose It

Pacific Reproductive Services prioritizes known donors and has the largest bank of this type of donor in the United States. 

Pros & Cons

Pros
  • Prioritizes known donors

  • Selective donor acceptance

  • Lower cost than some other companies

Cons
  • Must purchase access to more detailed donor profiles

  • Extra fees for photo matching or phone consult

Overview 

A willing-to-be-known (WTBK) donor is one that has signed a contract agreeing to meet at least one time with any children born using their sperm when the child turns 18, if the donor child so chooses. While most clinics offer anonymous donors with some WTBK donors, Pacific Reproductive Services prioritizes these WTBK donors. 

Founded by a lesbian couple in the 1980s, this sperm bank was designed by people who have first-person experience with building a family as lesbians. With options for clinic or in-home insemination and an informative blog focused on the lesbian experience, this clinic may be an especially good fit for lesbian or other LGBTQ+ couples interested in starting or growing their family through sperm donation. 

This company also has a lower family unit limit than the industry standard—they cap donors at 15 families vs. 25. This ensures that only 15 families have children from the sperm donor (with no limits within a family on the number of kids). 

Pacific Reproductive Services’ pricing is mid-range, though you do have to pay for some extras that are often standard or included with other companies, such as photo matching, phone consultation, or access to more detailed donor profiles.  

07 of 07

Best for Sperm Storage: New England Cryogenic Center

New England Cryogenic Center

New England Cryogenic Center

Key Specs

  • Average cost: Sperm processing starting at $700, not including preparation, storage, and shipping
  • Family unit limits: Yes, 25
  • Insurance accepted: No

Why We Chose It

New England Cryogenic Center offers those who want to freeze their sperm strict quality control standards.

Pros & Cons

Pros
  • Good industry reputation since 1971

  • Strict quality control standards ensure sperm is kept secure

  • Discount for military members

Cons
  • Does not take insurance

  • Expensive to store indefinitely

Overview 

The New England Cryogenic Center (NECC) has been helping prospective parents preserve fertility and create the family they desire since 1971. The company offers those who would like to freeze their sperm the option to do so in a safe, secure way. 

You may choose to freeze sperm for a variety of reasons, including: prior to medical treatments that may impact fertility, such as cancer treatment; before a vasectomy or other surgery that may impact fertility; if using assisted reproductive technology, or when there is an occupational risk for sterility. 

The process is simple with New England Cryogenic Center. You can choose an on-site sample collection or an at-home collection. Once your sample has been obtained, it will generally undergo testing and preparation for preservation. After your sample has been banked, you can access it as soon as you’re ready or wait as long as you’d like. 

While the process is expensive and storage fees can add up, there is a 50% discount on services for military members.

Final Verdict

Cryos International has a well-established reputation, serves families across the globe, and has vial prices lower than many competitors. Though international shipping can be expensive, it’s a good option for those who want a wide variety of donors to choose from and who will be using both donor sperm and a donor egg. 

Families who are only interested in using sperm from willing-to-be-known donors may prefer Pacific Reproductive Services. This company has the largest number of WTBK donors and, and, as it was founded by a lesbian couple, prioritizes LQBTQ+ prospective families. 

Those who will be banking their own sperm might prefer the services at the New England Cryogenic Center. You can collect your own sperm, and it will be stored in a secure, well-regarded lab for prices that are mid-range for the industry.

Compare the Best Sperm Donor Banks

Company Average Cost Insurance Accepted Family Unit Limits
Cryos: Best Overall Prices start at around $104 per vial, not including storage, shipping or other fees  No No, though some countries have limits
California Cryobank: Most Diverse Donor Bank Prices start at $750 per vial with extra charges for shipping and donor information No  Yes, depending on where you live
Seattle Sperm Bank: Best for Genetic Testing Prices start at $750 per vial not including shipping and storage No No
Fairfax Cryobank: Best Customer Service Prices start at $700 per vial with storage, shipping and extras not included No Yes, 25 in the U.S. and 15 internationally
XYTEX: Best for Transparent pricing Prices start at $525 per vial not including shipping, storage, and extras; bundle pricing is available No Yes
Pacific Reproductive Services: Best for Willing-to-Be-Known Donors Prices start at $504 per vial, not including shipping, storage and extras No Yes, there is a 15-family limit
New England Cryogenic Center: Best for Sperm Storage Sperm processing starts at $700 not including preparation, storage, and shipping No Yes, 25

Guide to Choosing a Sperm Donor Bank

What Is a Sperm Bank?

A sperm bank is a medical facility that collects, screens, and stores sperm for use in fertility treatments. Sperm banks each have different screening criteria and accept different types of donors. The accepted donors provide sperm that is stored for purchase by people who want to use it to conceive a child. 

Sperm banks are typically used by individuals or couples who wish to get pregnant but can't do so without donor sperm. Common clients include but are not limited to queer or trans couples, single mothers by choice, and couples in which male-factor infertility has been identified. 

How Do I Choose the Right Sperm Bank for Me?

When choosing a sperm bank, there are several factors that you should consider, including pricing, shipping, and storage costs, as well as available donor information. 

Pricing

The cost of purchasing sperm from a sperm bank can range from around $150 to several thousand dollars per vial, depending on the service and the type of treatment it will be used for. Sperm can also range in cost depending on the specifics of the donor, including their background, achievements, education, and more. 

Sperm pricing is generally just part of the cost of fertility treatments, so it’s important to understand your overall fertility costs and how much you are willing and able to spend on the sperm you choose. 

Shipping and Storage Costs

Shipping and storage costs tend to vary depending on your location and the specifics of the clinic and storage facility. Before you choose a sperm bank, think about where you will need to have your specimen shipped as well as whether you will need short or long-term storage. If you will be purchasing multiple vials for future sibling use and may be storing them for several years, pay particular attention to annual storage costs.

Available Donor Information

While some sperm banks offer all or nearly all donor information with just an email address and password, others require pricey monthly memberships or a la carte options for learning about different donors. Consider how much you want to know about each potential donor vs. how much you’re willing to spend. 

If you are working with a fertility clinic, you may also want to check with your doctor about the sperm bank they recommend. “The sperm banks most fertility clinics work with have been around for a long time, screen donors appropriately, and have a range of donors to choose from,” says Chantae Sullivan-Pyke, MD, MTR, FACOG, a reproductive endocrinologist and infertility specialist at Stony Brook Medicine's Advanced Specialty Care in Commack, NY.

Frequently Asked Questions

What Information Can You See About Sperm Donors?

You can expect to see different types of information about each donor depending on which sperm bank you use. Some information that may be offered includes:

  • Genetic profiles
  • A donor statement
  • Staff impressions
  • Donor baby and childhood photos
  • Donor adult photos
  • Donor silhouette images
  • Donor audio message
  • Donor list of achievements and interests

Do Sperm Donors Know When Their Sperm Is Used?

Sperm donors are not generally notified when their sperm is used, though some clinics may inform them if they inquire. Many sperm banks also note on a donor's profile if a pregnancy using this sperm was achieved. 

What Requirements Do Sperm Banks Have for Donors

While each sperm bank has slightly different requirements, they generally preclude those who are in poor health, below a certain height (around 5 feet 7 inches), above a certain age (that varies from sperm bank to sperm bank), and with any sexually transmitted diseases or genetic conditions. “Sperm banks all screen their donors for issues that could cause medical problems and most also screen for social characteristics that matter to prospective families,” says Dr. Sullivan-Pyke.

What Can Disqualify You From Being a Sperm Donor?

Some sperm banks disqualify individuals who have not achieved a certain level of education or who have any sort of criminal history. While there is no medical need for some of these requirements, sperm banks may have them due to the preferences of prospective families or local or state requirements. 

Methodology

We researched 15 sperm banks to find the best options available for this list. Our research focused on several factors: pricing, available donor information, and shipping and storage availability.  We also looked for sperm banks that offer special consultation services or donors who are unique in some way. Choosing a sperm bank can be a challenge, and having ample information to help you weigh your options can help you make a decision you feel good about. 

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