Performing Infant CPR
It's extremely important to take an infant CPR class. We have some tips from an expert on what to do in case of an emergency.
-Hi, everybody. I'm Julie. Welcome to Baby Basics. Would you know what to do if your baby stopped breathing? Well, it is never too late to learn the life-saving techniques that you would need to save your baby. If she's choking or can't breathe, it is extremely important to take an infant CPR class before your baby is born. But if she's already here, there is no time like the present to learn the basics. We have some tips from an expert on what to do in case of an emergency. -The first thing we try to do is we try to rouse the baby. Baby, baby. Are you okay? Baby, baby. -It's hard to even think about but so important to prepare for. What would you do if your baby wasn't breathing or responding? Certified CPR instructor, Amy Gross, has the answers. She's been teaching new and expectant parents what to do for years. -If your baby isn't moving, isn't responding then, immediately, you place the baby on a firm surface, tilt the head back gently, hand on forehead, finger on bony part of the chin, bend down and check for breathing. Look, listen, and feel for breathing no more than 10 seconds, 5 to 10 seconds. If the baby's not breathing, you give 2 rescue breaths. You cover the mouth and nose of the baby with your mouth, and you give 2 breaths. Each breath is 1 second in duration. You come off between them. -Amy is showing new mom, Liz, what to do if her 11-month old daughter was suddenly unresponsive. So, how do you know if you're breathing too hard or not hard enough when you give rescue breaths? Exhale 2 gentle breaths into her nose and mouth, breathing just hard enough to make her chest rise. -Then, you start chest compressions. You take 2 fingers. You place them right on the sternum or the breast bone just below the nipples. You compress a third to a half the depth of the chest at a rate of 100 times a minute, letting the chest come back to the normal position between compressions like so. And you do 30 compressions, 2 rescue breaths, 30 compressions, 2 rescue breaths. -If you're alone with the baby, do this 5 times for approximately 2 minutes before going to the phone to call 911. Then, continue CPR until help arrives. -25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. People in my classes tell me they were always worried about hurting the baby. You are gonna estimate your third to a half the depth of the chest, and you're gonna go for it, and not to worry about causing any other damage to the baby. -Another big concern for parents: choking. Here's what to do if your baby can't make any sound, has only a silent, weak, ineffective cough, is turning blue or has high-pitched, noisy breathing. -Take the baby in your left hand, in your non-dominant hand. Take hold of the chin. Superb. Then, you're going to tilt the baby downward- -Uh-hmm. -so that the head is below the chest and you're going to rest the real baby on your thigh because you won't be able to support him otherwise. -Uh-hmm. -With the heel of your hand right across the back between the shoulder blades, we're going to give up to 5 back slaps, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. -If the baby starts to cough, cry, or spits up the object, stop. If she doesn't, the next step is- -Then, you sandwich the baby between your 2 hands, supporting the head. -Uh-hmm. -You roll the baby on to the other arm and leg. And now, we're going to do 5 chest thrusts. These are the same place we did the chest compressions, 2 fingers just below the nipples above the tip of the sternum- -Uh-hmm. -1, 2, 3, 4, 5. Then, we take the chin back, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. -Continue doing this until help arrives or the baby becomes unresponsive. Then, you move to CPR. -1, 2- You put the baby down on a firm surface. We look inside the mouth, make sure we can't see the object. -Okay. -If we see it, we remove it. -Then, give 2 rescue breaths. Then, you start CPR. -So, it's 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30. -Now, check to see if the object is there. If you don't see it, give 2 rescue breaths and continue with CPR. It's important to remember that all of these techniques are for babies less than a year old. After 1 year, the techniques change. Now, remember, this video is a great reference guide but every parent should take a CPR class before bringing their newborn home. To find a class in your area, contact the Red Cross, American Heart Association, a hospital, or your fire department. Thanks for watching Baby Basics on Parents TV, your source for the best information for your growing family.