Asthma in Children
The video shows a boy with asthma. We can see the boy having an asthma attack and then having inhalation treatment. Finally we see him breathing more easily following the treatment. Listen to the boy breathing out. The breathing is labored which is characteristic of asthma.
-This infant has an asthmatic attack. The boy suffers from atopic dermatitis, which increases the risk of asthma. Observe the itching. The infant has shortness of breath and show signs of retractions. The breathing sounds wheezy. Here, the infant gets treatment. the inhaled medication will relax the smooth muscle fibers around the airways and reduces the inflamed and swollen mucosa. This makes the child breathe more easily. The child feels the effect of the medicine and cooperates nicely. After the treatment, the infant will be coughing up sticky fluid from the lungs. Here, we can see the infant after treatment. His respiration is more relaxed and he seems to be in a better condition. Here, you can see the lungs. The lungs are made up of bronchi and alveoli. Here is a cross section at the end of bronchus. In asthma, the narrowing of the airway is caused by tightening of the outer muscle layer, swelling of the inside lining, and lots of extra mucus. This causes the child to have shortness of breath and difficulty breathing. Breathing out or expiration is especially hard for this child to do. It is prolonged and requires more effort than usual. Listen to the wheezing during expiration. This is typical for asthma. This 3-year-old boy after playing on the lawn has developed an asthmatic attack. He has rapid breathing and suffers so hard for air that the chest and neck are pulled or sucked in for each breath. Look at the rapid and labored breathing with use of extra muscles. The breathing out phase is prolonged. In addition, he has a dry cough. This 2-year-old girl has increasingly labored breathing. She seems worried and exhausted with reduced general condition. Observe the retractions and the prolonged breathing out phase. This is typical for asthma. Here is another girl with shortness of breath and coughing. She has a dry cough caused by irritation of the mucosa of the airways. She has only very slight signs of retractions.