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Burn Injuries

Learn how to classify first-degree burns, second-degree burns and third-degree burns in children and which should receive medical attention immediately.

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When burn injuries occur in children, it is important to estimate the extent of the burn or the total amount of the skin area that has been damaged. The palm of the child's hand corresponds to approximately 1% of his/her entire body surface. Use the child's palm size to estimate the extent of the burn. All burn injuries, regardless of the degree, in which the damage corresponds to more than 10% of the child's body surface area must be regarded as potentially serious. Such children should receive medical attention immediately. Burn injuries to the face, genitals, hands, or feet are the most serious.