This video shows a child with shortness of breath/breathing difficulties. We have described the most common clinical signs of breathing difficulties such as rapid and labored breathing, retractions and flared nostrils.
This girl shows signs of shortness of breath. She is breathing more quickly than usual and appears out of breath. Look how the skin under and between the ribs is pulled or sucked in with each breath. This is what we call retractions which are a sign that she needs to use extra breathing muscles to help move air in and out of the lungs. Here, you can see retractions in the neck. This girl also uses nasal flaring to breath more easily. Notice that her nostrils seem to spread wider when breathing in. This is also a sign of shortness of breath. This boy is having an attack of asthma and we see typical signs of shortness of breath with asthma. See how he uses accessory musculature when he breathes in. This is called retraction and we see this particularly well below the ribs in this boy. Here, we also see retractions in the neck region. This boy is known to have asthma and he has a cold, but he has not developed shortness of breath. We see no signs of use of accessory musculature below the ribs or in the hollow of the neck. Therefore, he has no retractions. -[unk]