-Hi, I'm Jessica Hartshorn from American Baby Magazine and I'm gonna talk about how you can store and use your breast milk safely. Breast milk can be stored in the refrigerator or in the freezer. You wanna use a closed top bottle or a breast milk storage bag that's made for this purpose. You can buy either in the baby aisle of most mass merchant stores, or supermarkets, or drugstores; and the breast milk storage bags are sterilized, which makes them different than a regular sandwich bag. When you take milk out of the freezer, you can thaw in the refrigerator or in a bowl of hot water or run it under the hot water in the sink. You don't wanna refreeze breast milk and you don't wanna mix fresh breast milk with frozen so only take what you need out of the freezer. And the longer you feed your baby breast milk, the more you'll understand how much he or she drinks in the day. When you take milk out of the refrigerator, you don't wanna leave it out for more than about an hour or two just like regular milk. If you wanna warm your breast milk, you could do it using hot water from the sink or a warm bowl of milk. You don't wanna put it in the microwave because microwaves heat unevenly and also can destroy some of the nutrients in your breast milk, so be sure you just warm it gently. You only want to get it to about body temperature since that's what your baby would be used to drinking straight from the source and that's how you can store and use your breast milk safely.
Breast feeding isn’t supposed to hurt, but that doesn’t mean it can’t. If you are experiencing pain while nursing, it may be attributable to one of these (totally fixable) reasons.
Learn how to reduce the pain of engorged breasts, a common conditions many breastfeeding mothers deal with.
Sneezing? Take a decongestant. Headache? Pop a pain reliever. Ear infection? Maybe an antibiotic is in order. But when a woman is nursing, the should-I-medicate questions are tougher. Watch this before reaching for the medicine cabinet.
-Hi, I'm Juli Auclair. Welcome to Baby Basics. One of the biggest misconceptions about breastfeeding is that it comes naturally to every woman and that your baby will just latch right onto your breast and start feeding right away. Well, for some women, it can be very difficult. Right from the beginning, don't feel defeated about this. You can do it. If you're patient and you get the support that you need, your baby will be thriving on your breast milk in no time at all. So, a lactation consultant is gonna give us some important advice that may make getting started a whole lot easier. -Jessica, it seems like the baby is kind of hungry. -Uh-huh. -Jessica is a brand new mom to three-week-old Luna and she's really starting to get the hang of nursing, but she needs a little help with how to hold her baby during the feedings. -We're gonna start with a cross-cradle position. -Okay. -Lactation consultant, Stacey Brosnan, uses plenty of pillows and knows just how to position little Luna to make the feeding go much more smoothly. -So, I'm gonna help you to tuck the baby's arm underneath. That's right. Now, cup your breast using the C-Hold. All right, okay. Line her up nose to nipple with you,-- -Uh-huh. -tickle her lower lip, and when she opens wide, bring her in. Nice. Nice. -Yeah. -Luna latches right on. -So, now, how does this position feel to you? -Very comfortable. -But Luna starts to slide off the nipple a bit, nursing just on the end. -You don't want her to be on the end of the nipple. You rather have her deeply on to the breast so that she's covering a good portion of the areola. -Take a look at how Stacey gently pulls Luna's lower lip down, just a bit. -That's what we're looking for. Because if her lips are out against the breast, she can get a good mouthful of milk. -One question many new moms have is, "How do I know if my baby is getting enough milk?" -Once you latch the baby on, you should listen for that nice gulping sound, you know, that audible swallowing. If a baby is doing at least about 15 to 20 minutes of audible swallowing during feeding, chances are they're getting sufficient amount of milk. -Another good way to know your baby is getting enough breast milk? -What goes in must come out. So a baby should have at least six to eight wet diapers a day, really soaked wet diapers,-- -Okay. -and at least three to four really good mustard-colored [unk] stools. Okay, Jessica, now, we're gonna practice a football hold just to give you a variety. -This hold is great for small babies and moms with larger breasts. -Your hand position is right behind the baby's neck and shoulder. Just move this. And then your arm comes right along her spine just like you have. Right. She is nice and close. And just like we did in the other position, you can use the elbow to pull her butt nice and close to you, which angles the chin into the breast and the nose up off the top of the breast. -Some moms prefer this variation of the football hold. Here, Luna is almost sitting upright. -You're gonna face front. You're gonna hold her and just bring her straight on. There you go. There you go. Sitting straight up in this position, the inner ears are stimulated and they tend to stay awake a little bit longer. One thing that sometimes confuses new moms is how to know when to switch breasts. You should start on one breast and listen for swallowing. About 15 to 20 minutes into the feeding, when your baby starts to slow down a little, take her off, burp her, and offer the other breast. She may or may not want more. -That is especially in the beginning. Many babies don't demand to be fed frequently enough to get the nutrition they need. -So Stacey says it's helpful to have a schedule. She recommends feeding your newborn eight to 12 times a day in a 24-hour period. A breastfed baby needs to eat approximately every two to three hours during the day and shouldn't go longer than three to four hours between feedings at night. -That's looks really good. How does it feel? -Just great. -But it doesn't always feel great when you're just starting to breast-feed. Stacey says your nipples may be sore at first, but you shouldn't be in pain. -I'm not talking about searing pain. I'm not talking about cracked, bleeding nipples, but just soreness. -Uh-huh. -That shouldn't persist more than maybe say two or three days. If you are experiencing real pain when the baby latches on and it persists throughout the feeding or say your nipples are cracked and bleeding, then I would say it's time to seek help from a professional. -You can always call a lactation consultant or a nurse for advice, maybe something as simple as adjusting how your baby is latching on. Finally, how do you know when your baby has had enough? -See now how she came off the breast herself? -Uh-huh. -And she seems so relaxed, you know? That's the sign of a really good feeding when the baby comes off and just sort of lays back in that relaxed state and then-- -The most important thing is not to get discouraged and don't compare yourself to other mothers. Most moms say breastfeeding gets easier as time goes on, and once you figure out what works best for you and your baby, it can be an incredibly rewarding experience for both of you. Need more advice on how to care for your newborn? Well, check out our other informative Baby Basics videos. Also, if you like more information on any of the fabulous furniture that you saw in our nursery, go to egiggle.com. Thanks for watching Baby Basics on Parents TV, your source for the best information for your growing family. -Thanks for watching Parents TV. -For more information, please visit our website at selectondemand.com or e-mail us at email@example.com made for On Demand.
-More and more women are doing it more in more places. Nursing their babies in public. -Almost everyday, you find a new story about another benefit of breastfeeding and I think more and more people are starting to get that information and choose to breast-feed. The rate of women who start to breast-feed has gone up dramatically. -Whether you're in a coffee shop, a lounge, or even a restaurant, you might see a woman with a baby at her breast. So, what's appropriate and what's not? I'll let the experts and the critics hash it out. -While many are touting the benefits of breast milk-- -We know that breastfeeding is really the gold standard, that it is what's best for babies. -Not everyone is on board with the rise in public breastfeeding. -I don't think it's appropriate. I think it's a private thing, you know. I don't think everybody should see you breastfeeding your child in or out in the open, out in public, you know. Some people agree with it. I personally disagree with it. -Well, it's a very complicated issue because, in our culture, breasts are mainly sexual. And so we-- in America, we have to create laws protecting women's right to breast-feed in public. When it's the most natural thing, you know, your baby is hungry, so you feed your baby. So, women are given very mixed messages. They're told, "You should breast-feed, it's healthy for your baby, it's a health issue, it's very important to breast-feed, but don't do it in public. Stay home." -Still a growing number of women have decided to brave those disapproving looks to keep their babies well fed. -Unless you plan on staying inside all day everyday, you really do have to confront the realities of breastfeeding somewhere other than your house. And that's why there's so much talk about breastfeeding in public. More and more women these days are breastfeeding and they're not about to change their lifestyle completely. They're still gonna go out. They're gonna take their baby and go places. And so they are de facto going to be breastfeeding in public. -Journalist and mother of two, Andi Silverman, is the author of Mama Knows Breast: A Beginner's Guide to Breastfeeding. -Breastfeeding is really a matter of personal choice. You have to figure out what works best for you, what works best for your baby and your family. Breastfeeding works for some women and it doesn't work for other women. And there is a lot of pressure now to breast-feed. -If you do choose to breast-feed, Silverman says there are plenty of safe places to do so. -Outside breastfeeding if you're in the playground, if you're in the park, I mean, there are a lot of people around, there are a lot of kids around, it's-- that's a place of people, even though you're out, you can feel pretty comfortable. Inside, lots of people go to restaurants or coffee shops and you just find a quiet corner where it's not too busy, where your stroller won't get bumped, and that might be a good place. There are also all sorts of crazy ways you can get creative about how to breast-feed in public. I've done things like go into an athletic club and ask to go into the locker room. -So, Silverman says don't be afraid to nurse in public. In fact, in most states, you have a legal right to do so. -Forget about the critics. There's nothing wrong with breastfeeding. In fact, in almost every state in this country, there are laws that specifically protect women when they breast-feed in public, protect them from any sort of discrimination or harassment. -And to most people I talked to on the street were okay with public breastfeeding as long as it's discreet. -I don't have a problem with it. As long as, you know, the mom and the baby have a blanket or some kind of little coverup, then it's okay. -I think as long as it's, you know, kind of covered a little bit, I think it's fine. I don't think anybody wants to see a breast in public, you know, per se, but I think as long as it's, you know, subtle, I think it's fine. -Felina Rakowski-Gallagher, owner of Manhattan breastfeeding boutique, the Upper Breast Side, says nursing wear is all the rage for modest moms. -And you move this down and the only thing is that the baby is right at this breast. So, when you're holding a baby and-- I will show you with the mannequin. When you're holding a baby, women, what they do is they just bring the baby cross-cradle, they flick open their bra, then they lift up the clothing here, and they lower it and the baby is here. So, as you're standing and talking to someone, you're just holding the baby like this, the baby is latched on. And especially if you start doing a little bit of that dance, women, men, the UPS guy who's delivering your package, they think that you're just holding the baby. This is called Larrivo. She has just the most delicious clothing. This opens up and the breast would be exposed here and then, again, the same thing. You have this on your shoulder, the baby is here, and someone just thinks that you're holding the baby. This is the GlamourMom and the GlamourMom as you can see from the design also has the bra inside of it and-- -[unk] -And so then you have that. -But you don't have to spend a lot of money on wraps and shawls and nursing tops to achieve the same effect. You can just take a blanket and drape it over your shoulder or keep your coat on that kind of cover the baby up a little bit or wear a button down shirt with a tank top underneath, so your stomach is still being covered up. Everybody basically through trial and error figures out what works. -But in the end, whether it's in public or in private, a woman should feed her baby in the way that makes her and the baby most comfortable. -Thank you for watching Parents TV. Our families. Our lives.
-Hi, I'm Anne Ebeling and you're watching Parents TV. Now, breastfeeding may be perfectly natural but it doesn't always come naturally. So, we turn to experts to get advice on everything from breast pumps to getting a good latch. It's true. Women have been nursing babies since the beginning of mankind. But don't feel bad if you're having trouble. -Women feel like, 'Wow,' you know. 'Women have been doing this for eons. What's wrong with me that I don't know what to do?' And so, they feel inadequate, they feel stupid. And the truth is that while women have been doing this for eons, the women back eons ago saw women nursing babies their whole lives. -Lactation consultant, Beverly Solow, helps women ease their nursing woes. -Women usually call me for a couple of reasons. Either they're in pain or they're worried that their babies aren't getting enough to eat at the breast. Or they're anxious, or they just want reassurance. -She says successful nursing means mastering certain techniques. -They need to know positioning and latch-on technique, and they need to know how to know their babies are getting enough. And unfortunately, they're often told some variation of 10 minutes on each breast, and that's not enough information. -Beverly says women need to watch their babies rather than watching the clock. -Mothers need to be instructed more clearly on how to read their baby's cues; on how to know when they're hungry, on how to know when they're swallowing. They need to be told the difference between sucking and swallowing. They need to know how to recognize when their babies are feeding effectively and when they're not. -And getting the baby fed means getting a good latch. -The baby does the work of breastfeeding mostly with the tongue, supported by the jaw. So, you want the baby to have more breast in his or her mouth near that time. In order to get that, the baby needs to be positioned in a certain way. And this is where you want to start, with the baby's head slightly tilted back and it kinda looks like the nipple's actually gonna go up the baby's nose. You touch the baby's lower lip right around the edge of the areola, and then, push the baby on, chin first. So, the nipple just clears the baby's top lip. So, it's a little counterintuitive and I find that a picture really helps to explain this approach. -If you're still having trouble, use a breast pump to supplement feeding. -It's appropriate to use a breast pump as soon as you need to supplement the baby because some babies really do need to be supplemented very early on if they're- if they're losing weight rapidly. So, for every ounce of formula that a baby is given, that's an ounce of breast milk he's not taking from the breast. And when a baby leaves milk in the breast, that's telling the breast to make less milk. -Felina Rakowski-Gallagher is the owner of New York City breastfeeding boutique, the Upper Breast Side. She says access to a hospital-grade breast pump is something mothers should look into even before the baby is born. -The hospital-grade breast pump is different from the pumps that are generally sold. A familiar pump is something called the Medela company style. This pump has to work super hard and may not attain the same results that pumping on this one does. So, as my father always said, "If you buy quality, then you don't have to buy quantity." So, these 2 pieces come together and they form the breast shield, breast shield and the connector. These 2 pieces which are the most frequently replaced parts because this goes down the drain when you're washing it, and this one develop little cracks on it from use or stepping on it. This has to be separated and when it's put together, sometimes, it's like this. If it's like this, the pump won't work. It has to be totally flat. This goes on here and then, the last thing is, the bottle goes on. And you now have a complete breast shield ready to put on to the breast pump, whether it's this one or this one, and a woman's nipple would enter this funnel part here. -Felina also recommends buying a few nursing bras before the baby comes. -Honestly, I think that maternity bras are a waste of money because when you're pregnant, if you buy a bigger bra and it's a maternity bra or just a regular bra, you can't use it at- when the baby is born. If you buy a nursing bra as your size increases, then think of the chart. You have to buy a bigger bra and then, you have to buy another bigger bra and through the 9 months, maybe you've gotten a few. Now, you have the baby, your breast may explode into another hemisphere and then, as they come down, what do you do? You wish that those bras that you bought that are bigger than what you were before were nursing bras. -When nursing, it's important to relax. And a nursing [unk] like this one may help you and your baby go with the flow. -It's giving me support on my back, on my lower back. And now, the baby is at the breast. I've got the baby tucked in. I have a little pocket with tissues, water, a telephone, the TV clicker, and I'm really comfortable. -And relaxed. -And I'm relaxed. And when I'm relaxed that means that the nursing is probably going much better. -But in the end, both women say, all you really need to breastfeed are your breasts and your baby. -Thank you for watching Parents TV: Our families, our lives.
Learn key tips and best positions for breastfeeding, including how to get baby to latch and advice on burping.
-I'm Leigh Anne O'Connor, international board-certified lactation consultant, and a mother of three children. I've been working with breastfeeding families for about 12 years. And today, I'm gonna be helping you and Tora with her baby, Felix, on going over some breastfeeding basics. Breastfeeding is normal, but sometimes it takes little learning between mom and baby. So, we're gonna go over some of the basics of latching and positioning, and what to look for to make sure the breastfeeding is going well. Hi. So, one of my favorite things for a mom and baby, when they're first starting out, is to make sure that the mom is completely comfortable. You wanna make sure that you're comfortable, that you're like royalty, that you're sitting back, making yourself comfortable, that you're not holding tension in your body. And then, you wanna bring the baby really close to you, nice and belly to belly. Just before the baby attaches, if you make sure he's nice and close to you, and you line his eyes up with your nipple. Is it-- yeah. It seems like Felix is more interested in maybe trying the other side. -He's flimsy. I think-- There. Yeah. He's more like that. -Okay. Okay. So, he likes to sit up better. -Yeah. -Okay. All right. -Well. -What's nice is that there's certain principles when you're attaching the baby that you want the baby nice and close to you. And we can see that Felix is a baby that likes to sit up a little more than other babies. There's not one particular hold that works well. Right now, we have the 'Tora and Felix' hold, nice position. The idea is that the baby is nice and close to you and that his head, it has the freedom to tilt back, and that he's got a nice, big mouthful of breast. So, you don't wanna push in the baby's head. You know, if you're taking a drink of water, and somebody is pushing your head forward, that's gonna make you uncomfortable. So, it would make the baby uncomfortable. That would also make the latch shallow and make your nipples very sore. So, you wanna have the baby across your body in a way that his eyes are at your nipple, and you wanna bring that baby nice and close to you, and have a nice attachment. So, you can see that's he's very happy and content. He's growing beautifully. One of the big questions that moms always have is "How do I know my baby's getting enough?" What you look at is that the fact that what goes in comes out. You look at the baby's diaper count. So, a baby who's a few days old will have three to five poopy diapers-- nice, mustard color-- and four to six wet diapers. We wanna look for a baby who's content, who has feedings that end in satisfaction. It's normal for babies to have anywhere from 8 to 12 feedings a day. A lot of people kinda do that mathematically and come up with this every two to three hours. But what's important to know is sometimes, it's not done so evenly and mathematically. Often, a baby will do what's called cluster feedings-- the baby will have several feedings in a row. One of the bonuses with that is that there will be a longer stretch of sleep if you've got that. And that's a great opportunity for you, as a new mom, to get your rest. Nap when the baby naps. One of the biggest complains that a lot of moms, who are breastfeeding in the beginning, have is sore nipples. So, if you've got a nice attachment and a baby nice and a big full-- mouthful of breast, that should remedy most sore nipple problems. Sometimes, it takes a couple of days to get into a nice rhythm of it. But if sore nipples persist, you might wanna see a lactation consultant. A very common reason for sore nipples, when all else is going, is a tongue-tie. Tongue-tie is quite a common problem. It's the little attachment, the frenulum under the tongue that's just a little too restrictive. For some mothers, that can make for a very uncomfortable and inefficient feeding. So, that's an easily resolved problem. Once breastfeeding is established, some mothers will choose to express milk if they're gonna be returning to work or having any period away from their baby. A good time to start pumping is once the breastfeeding feels good, once you know that it's working, once you feel comfortable, that the baby is growing appropriately. And everybody around you, you and your baby and everybody around, know that it's working well. That's the time to start practicing. Typically, you would wanna pump during separation period. Well, if a mother's working, she would pump at work and bring home the milk to her baby. She doesn't need to have like gads and gads of milk in her refrigerator or freezer. And then, breastfeeding her baby directly at the breast-- that's gonna keep the milk production going up. It's gonna keep the breastfeeding relationship going for as long as it needs to go. -He makes noise. -Yeah. I see. Felix is a little bit of a-- of a slurper here. It sounds like he's got a little bit of a click. 'Cause it seems like that happens during a let down. A let down is when there's a stronger release of milk during the feeding. Yeah. You notice that? So, one of the things that you can do is think of anti-gravity hold. It seems like that's one of the reasons that Felix likes to sort of sit up in his own way. Making sure that you're nice and back so that we're working against gravity. If you can lay down and nurse your baby side by side, that's a beautiful anti-gravity feeding method. Often, when you change from one side to the next, the baby will naturally sort of fall off after a feeding or maybe fall asleep a little bit. And that would be a nice time to try to give a burp. Some breastfed babies don't burp near as much as their bottlefed counterparts. But it's-- in the beginning, you kind of figure out if you have a burping baby or not a burping baby. It's always nice to give them a little bit of a try in between feedings. Breastfeeding is a learned behavior between you and your baby. It may take a few days before you get into a nice rhythm. If it's not going well, then that's the time to seek the help of an international board-certified lactation consultant.