How to Burp Your Baby
To prevent mealtime discomfort, follow our guide to burping an infant.
You’'l be diapering about eight times a day. To save time and keep your little soaker clean, learn the basics with this guide to changing baby's diaper.
Chances are good that your tot is going to experience diaper rash at one point or another. Learn how to treat it and when you should call your doctor.
You must keep one hand on your baby at all times when she's in the tub. So, make sure the baby wash, shampoo, and towel are in arm's reach before you lower her into the bath. You may even wanna squirt cleanser on a wash cloth ahead of time. Fill an infant tub or clean kitchen sink with about 2 inches of warm water. Check the temperature with the underside of your wrist. If it doesn't feel too hot or cold, gently place your baby in the tub while supporting her head. Be sure to clean your baby's neck, armpits, bends of the legs, and in the folds of the skin. Formula or breast milk, spit up, dirt, and sweat can get trapped in these areas and cause irritation. To prevent dry skin, use body wash only a couple of times a week. If you bathe your baby more often, make sure to moisturize or use plain water. To keep your baby from getting chilly, wash her hair last, lightly massaging shampoo into her scalp. If she has cradle cap, put shampoo on a baby brush and rub her head in a circular motion. To rinse, cup your hand over her forehead to keep water out of her eyes. When taking your baby out of the tub, hold her under her head and back for support. Place your other hand under her bottom, making sure you get a good grip on both of her legs, then carefully lift her out of the tub. Wrap her up right away in towel and dry her-- again, paying attention to the folds of the skin.
Wondering how to clip baby's little nails? Trimming is so simple with these easy-to-follow pointers.
Harvey Karp, M.D. explains how to turn a crying cutie into a sleeping beauty.
When your baby is gassy, he may need some help to ease the pressure. Try one or all of these soothing steps to relieve baby's gas.
-Gastroesophageal reflux is a condition in which foods or liquids in the stomach leak back into the esophagus. If your baby is showing signs of reflux such as spitting up frequently, consider talking to your doctor about which formula is best for your baby. Sometimes switching to a hypoallergenic or lactose-free option, can help relieve reflux. He may also suggest a formula made with rice cereal added in. Keeping your baby in a sitting position during feedings and for at least 20 minutes afterwards and burping partway through mealtime may help relieve some of the discomfort associated with reflux. Your baby may also benefit from smaller more frequent feedings. Some babies with reflux naturally prefer to eat this way. Others get cranky if they don't get their food feeding at once. After a few days though, your little one should adjust to this new schedule. So, try to stick with it. It's also best to make sure your baby's diaper and clothing isn't too tight because it can put pressure on her tummy and make her especially irritable. If your baby's reflux isn't improving or seems to be getting worse, talk to your pediatrician.
Nursing sessions can last 30 to 40 minutes. So, your comfort is key. Try these basic holds to decide which works best for you, but feel free to shift your arms, legs, and posture until you feel relaxed. For each position, make sure your baby's head is titled back with her chin pressed into your breast and her nose free. The cross cradle hold is often the easiest for new moms because it lets you clearly see your baby's mouth, so you know if you need tweaks. In this position, you'll support your baby with the arm opposite to the breast on which she's feeding. Lay your baby on her side and run your forearm along her spine, holding the base of her head with your hand. To do the cradle position, sit in a chair and hold your baby with her neck on your forearm. Nuzzle her body close to yours with the same arm. Use a pillow or rolled up receiving blanket to support your arm or back if necessary. For the football position, place your baby on a pillow and hold her with her chest against your side and her legs behind you. If you're nursing on your right breast, hug your baby to your body with your right arm and support her head with your hand. This position may be difficult for women with a long torso or small breasts. If you prefer to nurse lying down, lie on your side with your knees bent. If it feels better to straighten your legs, place a pillow behind your back to help you stay up. Lay your baby down with her belly against yours, and rest her neck on your bottom arm. A baby who has reflux may prefer a straddling pose because being vertical helps keep food down. This may also be a good position if you have a very fast milk flow, though it can be difficult for moms new to nursing. Lean back and hold your baby so her belly touches yours and her legs straddle your body. Support the base of her head with whichever hand feels comfortable. If you don't feel comfortable when you're breastfeeding or have other concerns, consider contacting a board-certified lactation consultant for help. Go to ilca.org to find one in your area.