11. A few hours after going to sleep, your preschooler suddenly screams in distress and doesn't recognize you. Within minutes, she falls back to sleep. What happened?
a. She may have had a seizure and needs medical attention.
b. She had a brief "night terror," which is alarming but not dangerous.
c. She's showing signs of food poisoning.
d. She had a nightmare.
12. All of these can trigger wheezing in a child with asthma except:
a. Getting a cold
b. Dust from stuffed animals or carpeting
c. A bee sting
d. Cold air
e. Running or other exercise
13. Since the Affordable Care Act passed in 2010, which of these are true?
a. Most preventive pediatric-health services, including immunizations, must be covered by insurance with no co-pays.
b. No child can be denied health insurance due to a preexisting condition.
c. Insurance companies cannot place lifetime "caps" on health care for anyone, including children with complex or chronic medical problems.
d. By 2016, nearly 6 million uninsured children will be eligible for health-care benefits.
e. All of the above.
14. Why should pregnant women not change cat litter?
a. Cat poop can harbor a parasite called toxoplasma, which is circulated through the bloodstream and can lead to blindness and brain damage in a fetus.
b. A mom's exposure to cat hair increases a fetus's chance of later developing pet allergies.
c. It can lead to cat-scratch fever.
d. Exposure to cat urine causes early labor and premature birth.
15. Which of the following is true about breastfeeding and a mother's diet?
a. Even small amounts of caffeine can cause sleep problems in breastfed babies.
b. It takes about two hours for a mother's body to clear the alcohol from a drink, so you should never have more than one drink between nursing sessions.
c. Antidepressants should not be taken while breastfeeding.
d. Because nicotine doesn't enter breast milk, a mother's smoking has no bad effects on a baby.
16. Many babies are "colicky" and cry for hours on end for no clear reason. What is true about colic?
a. Don't pick up your colicky baby when he is crying, since this may create bad habits.
b. Bad parenting, milk allergies, acid reflux, and gas are common causes of colic in infants.
c. Colic usually continues until about 6 months of age.
d. Even loving parents can become extremely upset and angry at colicky babies, and they should step away and ask for help if they're about to lose it.
17. Which of the following children needs to go to an emergency room?
a. The 3-year-old who falls at home while running and hits his head on the ground and cries but remains conscious and feels fine a few minutes later
b. The 5-year-old with a slight fever and crampy pain, which seems to move to the lower-right part of her belly
c. The 1-month-old who spits up after feeding
d. The 8-year-old with a cough, a slight fever, and a headache
18. Car accidents are a leading cause of death in children. Which of these statements about car safety is false?
a. Car seats should face the back of a vehicle until a child is 2.
b. 41 percent of all kids killed in car crashes were wearing no seat belt and not in a car seat.
c. You can switch your child to a booster seat once he turns 4.
d. Many children can wear regular seat belts after 8 years of age.
e. 99 percent of infants today ride in car seats.
19. Which of the following is important when putting an infant to sleep in a crib?
a. Use crib bumpers and extra pillows so she won't hurt herself against the rails.
b. Place your baby to sleep on her back, not her belly or side.
c. Ensure that the spaces between the crib rails are wide enough for her to fit her arms and legs through them.
d. Babies get cold easily, so use several blankets to keep her warm.
20. Your child has a rash on his arm that looks like a bull's-eye. What should you do?
a. Tell him not to scratch, and treat it with hydrocortisone cream.
b. Find out what he may have eaten or touched to cause a reaction.
c. Be more vigilant about using sunscreen in the future to avoid sunburns.
d. Take him to the doctor for blood tests and antibiotics.