Types of Adoption

Learn about the basics of adoption options.

There are several different types of adoptions:

Public: Children in the public child welfare system are placed in permanent homes by public, government-operated agencies or by contracted private agencies.

Private agency: Children are placed in nonrelatives' homes through the services of a licensed (nonprofit or for-profit) agency.

Independent: Children are placed in relatives' or nonrelatives' homes directly by the birth parents or through the services of either a medical doctor, a member of the clergy, an attorney, or a licensed or unlicensed facilitator. (Independent adoption is illegal in some states.)

Kinship: Children are placed in relatives' homes, with or without the services of a public agency.

Stepparent: Children are adopted by the spouse of one birth parent.

Source: National Adoption Information Clearinghouse

All content here, including advice from doctors and other health professionals, should be considered as opinion only. Always seek the direct advice of your own doctor in connection with any questions or issues you may have regarding your own health or the health of others.

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