Choosing the Best Life Jackets for Kids

More Life Jacket Tips

Determine the Proper Fit

To meet the U.S. Coast Guard requirements for recreational boating, all life jackets must be U.S. Coast Guard-approved, the appropriate weight range for the child, and maintained and in good condition. Check individual state laws for age wear requirements. Be aware, though, that having a U.S. Coast Guard-approved life jacket isn't enough to guarantee that you have the best life jacket for your child. "Proper fit is imperative," says Bernice McArdle, Executive Director of the Personal Flotation Device Manufacturers Association. "Improper fit is the most common mistake parents make when buying a life jacket," McArdle says: "Parents will often purchase for their child a life jacket that's too big (and could easily slide off) on the assumption that the child 'will grow into it.' A life jacket won't provide adequate protection if it doesn't fit your child properly." Involving your child in the purchase process is also an important factor in getting them to want to wear their life jacket, as opposed to having to wear one.

Give It a "Fit" Test

Are the armholes too big? Is the neck opening too small? Use the U.S. Coast Guard's fit test to see if a life jacket is the right size for your child.

Check the manufacturer's label to ensure that the life jacket is intended for your child's size and weight.

Make sure the jacket is properly fastened and cinched to ensure a snug fit.

Grasp the top of the arm openings and gently pull up.

Have the child hold his arms straight up over his head.

See if the life jacket rides up over the child's chin or face and if there is excess room above the armholes. If so, the life jacket is too big for the child.

Practice in Calm Waters

Have your child wear and practice swimming with the life jacket so that he can see how it will feel and act in the water. Make sure the jacket fits correctly and adequately supports him. Always test the life jacket in a shallow and controlled environment like a public or private pool or, in calm water like a lake cove, under an adult's close supervision.

Teach your child how to relax her arms and legs. Falling into the water or getting knocked over by a wave can be a frightening experience for a child. It's a natural response to flail one's arms, but "arm movements cause the body to move up and down, and the victim unintentionally splashes water onto her own face," says Jim Reiser, aka "The Swim Professor," the founder of Swim Lessons University. "From a survival standpoint it's mainly about balance," Reiser counsels. "If the body can be balanced so that the mouth is above the water and the child can breathe comfortably, the most important objective has been accomplished."

Avoid Bringing Babies on Board

Although there are "infant life jackets," most have a large weight range (0 to 30 lbs.) for newborns up to 18 lbs., which make it unlikely that these jackets can provide a secure fit without overwhelming small babies. Currently, the U.S. Coast Guard does not advise taking infants onboard recreational boats. "Unless the parents are able to test their newborn out in a life jacket sized for infants, in a swimming pool, they will not know if that device will float their child with her head out of the water. You must be sure you know the life jacket you have works for your infant. Otherwise we recommend that the child not be exposed to any risk in a boat on the water," warns the Coast Guard website.

Remember the Most Important Thing

The majority of drownings occur in calm, inland waters. Most of those who drowned were within a few feet of safety and had easy access to a life jacket but were not wearing one. Take the time to select the best life jacket for your child's size and activity, and the water conditions, but don't forget the most important thing of all: Life jackets work only if you wear them

Copyright © 2011 Meredith Corporation.

Kate Bayless is a freelance writer and editor based in Southern California. You can follow her at or @katebayless (

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