Your child is quick to fault others for ... well, everything. If he gets a bad mark in class, he says it's because a friend wouldn't stop talking to him. And when you see his muddy shoe prints all over the carpet, he claims they're the dog's! "Kids this age don't understand that everybody makes mistakes," says Kate Roberts, Ph.D., a Boston-area psychologist. "Blaming somebody is simply their way to avoid disapproval and negative consequences." These smart tips will help your kid go from "It wasn't me!" to learning to be accountable for his actions.
Connect the Dots
Help your child make the link between what he does and what happens by pointing out real-life examples, suggests Rachel Robertson, director of education and development at Bright Horizons Family Solutions in Watertown, Massachusetts. For instance, you could say, "Because you studied hard, you got an A on your spelling test" or "Since you jumped in a puddle, your shoes are soggy." You can ask him to think of a cause or an effect for certain situations. One could be, "Mom overslept on Tuesday," and he has to come up with a possible consequence. Expect some wacky responses ("Mom overslept, so she had to go to work in her pajamas!"), but just roll with it. The more experience he gets identifying causes and effects, the easier it will be for him to work through this inner dialogue before and after his own actions.
Make Honesty Easy
If you want your child to come to you with the truth (or admit to it when asked), try to keep your cool when expressing your dissatisfaction about her poor behavior, suggests Philip Dembo, Ph.D., author of The Real Purpose of Parenting: The Book You Wish Your Parents Read. Being calm and approachable makes it easier -- and more likely -- that she'll fess up in the future. Let her know everyone makes mistakes and what matters most is that she's truthful, learns from the situation, and tries to right her wrongs. Then, discuss what she could have done differently, how she can make it better, and any consequences. Don't forget to praise her honesty if she owned up to her actions.
Stick to the Rules
Sure, we all allow some things to slide on occasion. But if you often let your child's adorable face, charming ways, or pitiful pleading persuade you not to enforce punishment, your kid learns that he doesn't have to take the rules seriously and can convince you to go easy on him. To be accountable, he needs to learn to accept the consequences of his words, actions, and decisions, and the only way he'll do so is if you're consistent with rules and discipline, says Dr. Dembo.
Keep Track of Progress
To help the lesson stick, turn it into a challenge. Tell your child that she'll begin the week with 5 points, and each time she makes an excuse or tries to place blame on others, she loses one. Use a chart on the fridge or a dry-erase board hung on her bedroom door to keep track. If she can make it through the week without getting to zero, reward her improved behavior with a trip to the park or an extra 30 minutes before bed one night. Though her points may dwindle at first, this chart will remind her to be conscious of what she does and says so she'll be less likely to pass the buck next time.
Originally published in the January 2014 issue of Parents magazine.