Don't Wait to Vaccinate

New Recommendations and Schedule

  • Influenza: Previously, flu shots were only recommended for kids up to 23 months, but now the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that infants get their first flu shot at 6 months, followed by a booster four weeks later, and then annually until age 5. The shot generally becomes available in September.
  • Rotavirus: Most children encounter this bug (which causes vomiting and diarrhea and hospitalizes about 70,000 children a year) before age 5. The new oral vaccine, administered with baby's other 2-, 4-, and 6-month vaccines, prevents 98 percent of moderate to severe cases of rotavirus. It replaces an older vaccine, pulled from the market in 1999 because it caused bowel obstructions. The new vaccine, tested in more than 70,000 children, was found to be safe.
  • Hepatitis A: Previously given only to children in the 17 states with the highest rates of this liver infection, the two-dose vaccine is now recommended for all children, starting at 12 months, with a booster 6 months later.
  • Hepatitis B: At birth, newborns should receive their first vaccine to protect against this liver infection, with booster shots given at 1 month and 6 months.
  • Pertussis: Although Tdap, the new pertussis vaccine (combined with the diphtheria and tetanus vaccines), was meant for 11- and 12-year-olds, it's now recommended for parents to prevent transmission to newborns -- most pertussis-related deaths occur in babies under 12 months.

Immunization Schedule

Hepatitis B
Dose at Recommended Age
1 at birth
2 at 1-2 months
3 at 6-18 months

DTaP (Diphtheria, Tetanus, Acellular Pertussis)
Dose at Recommended Age
1 at 2 months
2 at 4 months
3 at 6 months
4 at 15-18 months
5 at 4-6 years

Hib (H. influenzae type b)
Dose at Recommended Age
1 at 2 months
2 at 4 months
3 at 6 months
4 at 12-15 months

Polio (IPV)
Dose at Recommended Age
1 at 2 months
2 at 4 months
3 at 6-18 months
4 at 4-6 years

MMR (Measles, Mumps, Rubella)
Dose at Recommended Age
1 at 12-15 months
2 at 4-6 years

Varicella (Chickenpox)
Dose at Recommended Age
1 at 12-18 months
2 at 4-6 years

Pneumococcal
Dose at Recommended Age
1 at 2 months
2 at 4 months
3 at 6 months
4 at 12-15 months

Influenza
Dose at Recommended Age
1 at 6 months
2 at 4 weeks after first dose
Annually at 1-5 years

Hepatitis A
Dose at Recommended Age
1 at 12-23 months
2, administer six months after first dose

Rotavirus
(Subject to change)
Dose at Recommended Age
1 at 2 months
2 at 4 months
3 at 6 months

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