Why are cold and cough medicines unsafe for young children?
More and more research shows that not only do these medicines not work, they may also have significant side effects -- even if administered correctly. "Each child metabolizes medicine differently, so even if you give her the correct amount for her weight, it can still cause some dangerous side effects," says Dr. Shu. Side effects include nausea and vomiting, insomnia, eating more or less than usual or, more rarely, hallucinations and even seizures.
What's more, because these drugs may contain overlapping ingredients (combos of decongestants, antihistamines, cough suppressants and expectorants) your child can accidentally overdose from taking more than one medication at a time -- like a cough syrup and cough and cold drops, say -- even if you follow the correct dosing instructions for each one.