When Moms Get Depressed, Part Three: Treating Mom Helps Her Children
My last two posts discussed recent studies that indicate how maternal depression can have a direct environmental effect on children. Today, I focus on the flip side: if moms get treatment that reduces their depression, there is good evidence that there are immediate benefits for their children.
Dr. Judy Garber and colleagues have added to this literature in a recent paper published in Child Development. They tracked parents (over 70% were moms) who were in treatment for depression along with their children (between 7 and 17 years of age) multiple times over a two-year period. The key take-home messages for parents were:
- reductions in parent depression were associated with immediate reductions in children’s depressive symptoms
- children of treated parents also showed improvements in social and academic functioning
- part of the improvement was due to parents becoming more accepting (and less critical) of their children
This study did not focus on a particular type of treatment for depression — treatment included drugs, therapy, and combinations. The key thing is that a mom finds a treatment that works for her – getting treatment only has a positive impact on children if the level of depression is lowered. In addition, anyone who has suffered from depression (or knows someone who has) understands that depression is episodic, so being vigilant about the recurrence of symptoms (and getting a head start on treatment) is also really important for moms.
As many moms indicated in multiple eloquent comments in response to my last post (see the Parents magazine facebook page to read these), fighting depression is not easy, and can be even tougher if you have children. The good news is that the courage and strength shown by depressed moms, and their attempts to help themselves by getting treatment, can directly and immediately also make life better for their children.