Thursday, January 30th, 2014
A shortage of intravenous (IV) saline solution, which is routinely used to help patients, including children, hydrate, is affecting hospitals across the U.S., the Food & Drug Administration is warning. More from Time.com:
Millions of bags of the solution, which are essential for hydrating patients, and are also critical for cleansing the blood of dialysis patients, are used nationwide each week. The Washington Post reports that manufacturers told the FDA last year that they were expecting delays in filling hospitals’ orders after some plant shutdowns for routine inspection and upgrades. The IV solution cannot be replaced with other forms of saline because it is specifically designed to be administered by injection; in a letter to health care providers, the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists warned that saline solutions used for irrigation are “not approved for injection because it may have higher levels of particulates.”
The FDA says the shortage was triggered by several factors, including delays in delivery and increased demand by hospitals to treat flu patients.
Some healthcare providers are asking staff to find ways to conserve the IV solutions by using smaller bags, while others are using alternatives such as oral hydration fluids. Valerie Jensen, an associate director of the drug shortages program at the FDA told The Washington Post that no hospitals have actually run out of saline, they are “still reporting that they may only have a few days supply.”
Image: Hospital IV bag, via Shutterstock
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Friday, January 10th, 2014
Tamiflu, a common medication used to treat seasonal flu, is in short supply in its oral suspension form, which is used to treat children suffering from the flu. The shortage is temporary, and it is due to an early demand for the drug in what is shaping up to be a powerful flu season, according to Roche Holding AG’s Genentech unit which manufactures the drug. Reuters has more:
“A brief shortage of OS is expected through mid-January. We may be unable to fill complete orders from distributors for a limited time,” [Roche spokeswoman Tara] Iannuccillo added.
Tamiflu is used to reduce the severity of the flu when taken at the outset of symptoms. The oral suspension of the drug is primarily prescribed for children under the age of 13 and for people who have difficulty swallowing.
The delay in packaging of the liquid version has not impacted supplies of regular Tamiflu 75 milligram capsules, Genentech said.
The flu is spreading quickly this season, with 25 states already reporting cases, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Thousands of people die every year from flu, which typically peaks in the United States between the months of October and March. This season’s virus has killed six children in the United States so far, according to CDC data.
Roche said it expects to have additional supply of Tamiflu OS available in mid-January.
“We expect that these new supplies should meet demand for OS overall and we will continue to receive and ship out new supplies of Tamiflu OS and capsules throughout the flu season,” Iannuccillo said.
If the drug is unavailable in a particular area during the shortage, pharmacists can mix the capsules into an oral suspension for people who need it.
Meanwhile, the CDC is recommending that people continue to get flu shots to prevent the virus.
Image: Child with flu waiting for medicine, via Shutterstock
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