Activity tips for parents: Do the right thing at the right age
How to stimulate motor, cognitive, language and social development.
Blowing soap bubbles is excellent training for 2-3 year olds, although this may be a little messy indoors. The child thus trains fine motor skills such as eye-hand function and coordination between the hands and mouth.
The child has to learn to blow rather carefully to make bubbles, and thus understands that she will have to use the correct amount of force. Blowing soap bubbles is also a pleasant activity that creates good interaction, either between two children or between a child and an adult. The child has to learn to take turns.
Altogether, blowing soap bubbles is an ingenious game for children in this age group.
Playing with wooden blocks in different colors is good training for hand function and eye-hand coordination. The child can learn to build a tower of blocks from the age of about 1 ? years. At 2 years, the child often manages to build a tower of 3 blocks, 6 blocks at 2 ? years and 8 blocks at 3 years. If the blocks are of different colors, the child can be taught about colors. Practice makes perfect, and Anette finally manages to build a tower using all the blocks. Well done Anette!
From the age of 2 years the child will be interested in games involving playing roles. Doctor equipment is always popular. This stimulates the child's urge to experiment and gives good training of fine motor skills and interaction. The child is the doctor and Mum is the patient. It also helps to make the child feel safe about what happens when she visits the doctor.
A putting box is a good toy for children from the age of about 1 ? - 2 years. It gives good training for eye-hand coordination, and she learns that the different shapes each have their own holes. Here the child also has to turn the putting box to find the correct hole. It is also a good way to practice colors.
1-2 years: Make certain that you have time to read to your child every day. A picture album with pictures of relations / family is a good starting point for a conversation with the child.
Sit with your child and talk about who you can see: Where is Granny? Where is your uncle? In this way the child learns new words and concepts, as well as relating pictures to real people.
2-3 years: Take photographs of your child in different situations throughout the day: While getting dressed, washing, eating, playing, evening routines and going to bed. Make a small album of the photographs. Sit with the child and talk about what you can see: The child will really enjoy this.
All children in this age group like looking at a picture book with an adult. You should get hold of a selection of picture books suitable for children of different ages. To begin with you can point at pictures and say what things are called. This is good concept training.
Gradually, you can ask the child to name what you are looking at.
Where is the cat?
What does the cow say?
Especially books with pictures of animals and known objects in different colors are popular for children in this age group. In some of the books, the child can open small windows or feel different materials. This makes the experience even more exciting for the child.
Games with a ball are always fun for children of all ages. From the age of about 1 year you can practice rolling a ball with your child. This is good training for motor skills. It also provides good interaction and can be used simultaneously to learn to take turns, count and perhaps singing games.
A peg board where the child can hit down pegs with a small hammer is a good alternative toy for training fine motor skills and eye-hand coordination. If the pegs are of different colors, you can also use the toy to teach about the different colors.
Where is the blue peg?
Can you hit the green peg?
The child learns to moderate how hard she hits in order to hit the pegs accurately, and the hammering is also good training for eye-hand coordination.
From the age of about 1 ? years the child starts to manage simple shape boards and puzzles. Have a small selection with different degrees of difficulty.
This is good training for hand motor skills and learning to recognize different shapes that fit together. Talk to the child about the picture on the bits of puzzle.
The child experiences mastery and is pleased with herself when she manages something. At first she may need a little help, start with the easiest boards.
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