There's a pretty standard protocol. First, the baby is placed on a warmer, an open flat bed with a heating element above it, to make sure her body temperature doesn't drop. Then she is hooked up to a heart monitor and the NICU doctors and nurses assess her respiratory status. She may need oxygen through her nose or a tube inserted into her throat to help her breathe. After that, doctors take blood and set her up with some form of intravenous food, fluid, or medicine through a vein or through the umbilical cord. Finally, when all of the baby's vital signs and blood test results are back from the hospital lab, the team creates a health plan for the baby.
Originally published in American Baby magazine, November 2006. Updated 2009